The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
Bayham Abbey House [als Bayham Mansion]    Bayham  Lamberhurst  

Books and other documents
PublishedTitle, author and references
1805Observations on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening by H. Repton ⇒ p. 203
1909English Homes and Villages (Kent & Sussex)
also published as
Tunbridge Wells and its Neighbourhood by Lady Hope ⇒ p. 82

Historical records

1805HistoryJohn Jefferys Pratt, 1st Marquess Camden, of Wildernesse, Kent; Bayham, Sussex and the Priory, BrecknockshireBayham Abbey House [als Bayham Mansion]Repton's Red Book

Humphrey Repton's proposals for a new house at Bayham:

"The purpose for which the house at BAYHAM is intended must decide its character: it is not to be considered as a small villa, liable to change its proprietor, as good or ill success prevails; but as the established mansion of an English nobleman's family. Its character, therefore, should be that of greatness and of durability. The park should be a forest, the estate a domain, the house a palace. Now, since magnificence and compactness are as diametrically opposite to each other as extension and contraction, so neither the extended scale of the country, nor the style, nor the character of the place, will admit of a compact house."


7th Apr 1861CensusAnn Scrace, F, Servant, single, age 24, born Frant, Sussex; occupation: housekeeper in charge of house, servant of Marquis of CamdenAnn ScraceBayham Abbey1861 Census
Frant and Tunbridge Wells, Sussex
7th Apr 1861CensusMaria Ingerfield, F, Servant, single, age 29, born Lamberhurst, Sussex; occupation: housemaidMaria Ingerfield

2nd Apr 1871CensusEmma Mary Coleman, F, Servant, single, age 33, born St George's; occupation: housekeeper and domestic servantEmma Mary ColemanBayham Abbey1871 Census
Frant and Tunbridge Wells, Sussex
2nd Apr 1871CensusEleanor Stevens, F, Servant, widowed, age 76, born Northumberland; occupation: old servant and domestic servantEleanor Stevens
2nd Apr 1871CensusSamuel Leveratt, M, Servant, married, age 43, born Thrapstone; occupation: coachman and domestic servantSamuel Leveratt
2nd Apr 1871CensusHenry Kibby, M, Servant, single, age 24, born Bath, Somerset; occupation: groom and domestic servantHenry Kibby
2nd Apr 1871CensusWilliam Rumsby, M, Servant, single, age 53, born Sevenoaks, Kent; occupation: stableman and domestic servantWilliam Rumsby
2nd Apr 1871CensusJames Allen, M, Servant, single, age 22, born Sharnbrook; occupation: stableman and domestic servantJames Allen
2nd Apr 1871CensusAlfred Webb, M, Servant, single, age 23, born Farley; occupation: footman and domestic servantAlfred Webb
2nd Apr 1871CensusThomas Lowe, M, Servant, single, age 22, born Lamberhurst, Sussex; occupation: odd man and domestic servantThomas Lowe
2nd Apr 1871CensusSarah Ann Austin, F, Servant, single, age 23, born Hastings, Sussex; occupation: kitchenmaid and domestic servantSarah Ann Austin
2nd Apr 1871CensusMatilda Randall, F, Servant, single, age 18, born St Lukes, London; occupation: scullerymaid and doestic servantMatilda Randall
2nd Apr 1871CensusEllen Goldstone, F, Servant, single, age 30, born Salford; occupation: housemaid and domestic servantEllen Goldstone
2nd Apr 1871CensusEliza Williams, F, Servant, single, age 27, born Pontypool, Wales; occupation: laundrymaid and domestic servantEliza Williams
2nd Apr 1871CensusMatilda Mansbridge, F, Servant, single, age 25, born Marchwood; occupation: laundrymaid and domestic servantMatilda Mansbridge
2nd Apr 1871CensusAnnie Maria Wren, F, Servant, single, age 20, born Bittern; occupation: housemaid and domestic servantAnnie Maria Wren
2nd Apr 1871CensusJohn Selwood, M, Servant, single, age 49, born Barbage, Wiltshire; occupation: gardenerJohn Selwood

2nd Apr 1871CensusThomas E Bethell, M, Head, married, age 42, born Willington, Herefordshire; occupation: bailiff superintending farm for Marquis Camden of 600 acres employing 27 men and 9 boysThomas E. Bethell, bailiff superintending farmBayham Farmhouse1871 Census
Frant and Tunbridge Wells, Sussex
2nd Apr 1871CensusMary Catherine Bethell, F, Wife, married, age 37, born St Pancras, MiddlesexMary Catherine Bethell
2nd Apr 1871CensusKatharine L Bethell, F, Daughter, age 10, born Ashburnham, Sussex; occupation: scholarKatharine L. Bethell
2nd Apr 1871CensusMargaret Bethell, F, Daughter, age 8, born Ashburnham, Sussex; occupation: scholarMargaret Bethell
2nd Apr 1871CensusThomas Bethell, M, Son, age 6, born Frant, Sussex; occupation: scholarThomas Bethell
2nd Apr 1871CensusRichard Guy Bethell, M, Son, age 4, born Frant, SussexRichard Guy Bethell
2nd Apr 1871CensusArthur Loftus Bethell, M, Son, age 1, born Lamberhurst, SussexArthur Loftus Bethell
2nd Apr 1871CensusJane Storm, F, Servant, single, age 21, born Woburn, Bedfordshire; occupation: dairymaid and domestic servantJane Storm
2nd Apr 1871CensusElizabeth S Hobden, F, Servant, single, age 15, born Ashburnham, Sussex; occupation: general domestic servantElizabeth S. Hobden

16th Dec 1871Bayham AbbeyBayham Abbey, Lamberhurst by The BuilderPrivate collection
The new mansion, shown by the accompanying illustrations, is erected on the estate of the Marquis Camden, near Tunbridge Wells, on the north side of the valley, at the bottom of which runs the stream called the Tun, having on its southern margin the remarkably interesting ruins of the abbey said to have been built by the Praemonstratensian canons, in the reign of Richard I.
The foundations for the new building were commenced in 1869, and the first stone of the plinth was laid by the Marchioness Camden, on the 13th day of January, 1870.
The materials used in its construction are as follow :- The walls are built of bricks made upon the estate, faced with Kentish ragstone from the Maidstone quarries, as a general facing, with Combs Down Bath stone quoins, window and door dressings, cornices, &c., and the roofs are covered with green slates from the quarries in North Wales. The ceilings of the principal suite of rooms are subdivided into panels, with moulded ribs, pendants, and enrichments, and the mantelpieces, designed in corresponding style, are composed of coloured marble, Derbyshire spars, and alabaster, executed by Mr. Earp, of Kennington-road.
The character of the architecture and general arrangement of the plan resemble the examples of manorial houses existing in this country, of the latter part of the sixteenth century and the beginning of the seventeenth century, but adapted to the convenience of modern requirements.

The present buildings have been executed from the designs of Mr. David Brandon, and carried out under his superintendence.
Full article

16th Dec 1871Bayham Abbey - Ground PlanBayham Abbey - Ground Plan, Lamberhurst by The BuilderPrivate collection

3rd Apr 1881CensusFred J. Teleck, M, Head, married, age 60, born Coblence (F), Germany; occupation: butler and domestic servantFred J. Teleck, butler and domestic servantBayham Mansion1881 Census
Lamberhurst, Kent
3rd Apr 1881CensusElizabeth Machin, F, Servant, single, age 46, born Ashby, Stafford; occupation: housekeeper and domestic servantElizabeth Machin
3rd Apr 1881CensusEmily Storks, F, Servant, single, age 40, born Braybourne, Kent; occupation: laundrymaid and domestic servantEmily Storks
3rd Apr 1881CensusEmma R. Holland, F, Servant, single, age 24, born Westminster, London; occupation: housemaid and domestic servantEmma R. Holland
3rd Apr 1881CensusClara Blackford, F, Servant, single, age 17, born Frant, Sussex; occupation: housemaid and domestic servantClara Blackford
3rd Apr 1881CensusMary A. Turner, F, Servant, single, age 19, born Lamberhurst, Kent; occupation: laundrymaid and domestic servantMary A. Turner
3rd Apr 1881CensusAlbert Dunk, M, Servant, single, age 17, born Lamberhurst, Kent; occupation: stewart room boy and domestic servantAlbert Dunk

3rd Apr 1881CensusWilliam Dann, M, Head, single, age 24, born Horsmonden, Kent; occupation: groomWilliam Dann, groomBayham Stables1881 Census
Lamberhurst, Kent

3rd Apr 1881CensusElizabeth Leveratt, F, Head, married, age 55, born Shenfield, Essex; occupation: coachman's wifeElizabeth Leveratt, coachman's wifeBayham Stables1881 Census
Lamberhurst, Kent
3rd Apr 1881CensusEllen Leveratt, F, Granddaughter, single, age 5, born Ascot, EssexEllen Leveratt
3rd Apr 1881CensusThirza Giles, F, Servant, single, age 16, born Ageted, Surrey; occupation: general domestic servantThirza Giles

3rd Apr 1881CensusGeorge Greenyer, M, Head, married, age 32, born Lamberhurst, Kent; occupation: gardenerGeorge Greenyer, gardenerBayham Lodge1881 Census
Lamberhurst, Kent
3rd Apr 1881CensusMary A. Greenyer, F, Wife, married, age 39, born Lamberhurst, Kent; occupation: formerly nurse and domestic servantMary A. Greenyer
3rd Apr 1881CensusHarriet Fuller, F, Mother-in-law, single, age 71, born Lamberhurst, KentHarriet Fuller

3rd Apr 1881CensusGilbert Clare, M, Head, single, age 22, born Cheltenham, Gloucester; occupation: gardener domesticGilbert Clare, gardener domesticBayham Gardens1881 Census
Lamberhurst, Kent
3rd Apr 1881CensusThomas Bethel, M, single, age 16, born Pembury, Kent; occupation: gardener domesticThomas Bethel

3rd Apr 1881CensusWalter Johnstone, M, Head, married, age 34, born St Helens, Isle of Wight, Hampshire; occupation: gardener domesticWalter Johnstone, gardener domesticBayham Gardeners Cottage1881 Census
Lamberhurst, Kent
3rd Apr 1881CensusSrah Johnstone, F, Wife, married, age 31, born Southampton Highfields, HampshireSrah Johnstone
3rd Apr 1881CensusLouise A. Johnstone, F, Daughter, age 7, born Lamberhurst, Kent; occupation: scholarLouise A. Johnstone
3rd Apr 1881CensusEdith J. Johnstone, F, Daughter, age 6, born Lamberhurst, Kent; occupation: scholarEdith J. Johnstone
3rd Apr 1881CensusEllen Johnstone, F, Daughter, age 4, born Lamberhurst, Kent; occupation: scholarEllen Johnstone
3rd Apr 1881CensusWalter R. Johnstone, M, Son, age 1, born Lamberhurst, KentWalter R. Johnstone

c 1900BayhamBayham, LamberhurstEnglish Homes and Villages

1906Bayham AbbeyBayham Abbey, LamberhurstPrivate collection

1912Bayham MansionBayham Mansion, LamberhurstPrivate collection

1923Bayham AbbeyBayham Abbey, Lamberhurst photographed by H.H. Camburn for E. and K. Looker, Post Office, Hook GreenPrivate collection

2008Bayham AbbeyBayham Abbey, FrantBayham Abbey House [als Bayham Mansion]Private collection

2011Bayham Abbey HouseBayham Abbey HousePrivate collection

2011Old and New Bayham AbbeyOld and New Bayham AbbeyPrivate collection

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