The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
Hendal [a.k.a. Hendall Manor] Farm    Five Ash Down  Maresfield  

Books and other documents
PublishedTitle, author and references
1835The History, Antiquities and Topography of the County of Sussex by Thomas Walker Horsfield, F.S.A.p. 366
1857The Church of St Margaret, Buxted by The Rev. Henry Rosehurst Hoare ⇒ p. 220
1870A Compendious History of Sussex - Volume I. by Mark Antony Lower, M.A.p. 93
1870A Compendious History of Sussex - Volume II. by Mark Antony Lower, M.A.p. 264
1929Buxted The Beautiful by K. H. Macdermott ⇒ p. 4; p. 24; p. 45
1931Wealden Iron by Ernest Straker ⇒ p. 397
1997The Ashdown Forest Dispute 1876-1882 by Professor Brian Short ⇒ Notebook extract

Historical records

1610[North] Sussex[North] Sussex by John Norden and augmented by John SpeedHendallJohn Speed
The first engraved maps of the counties of Great Britain were the work of Christopher Saxton who, under the authority of the Privy Council, surveyed the English counties in Elizabethan times, from 1574 to 1578. In 1593 he was followed by John Norden who projected an ambitious scheme for a complete series of county histories. He published before his death a number of counties - Middlesex, Hertfordshire, Essex, Northampton, Cornwall, Sussex and Surrey. John Speed's map of Sussex is based upon Norden's map and was engraved by Jodocus Hondius. It occupies pages nine and ten of John Speed's Atlas entitled "The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine", is 20 1/4 inches by 15 1/4 inches in size and shows additionally an interesting plan of Chichester and a spirited representation of the Battle of Hastings.

1610[North] Sussex[North] Sussex by John Norden and augmented by John SpeedHyndallJohn Speed
The first engraved maps of the counties of Great Britain were the work of Christopher Saxton who, under the authority of the Privy Council, surveyed the English counties in Elizabethan times, from 1574 to 1578. In 1593 he was followed by John Norden who projected an ambitious scheme for a complete series of county histories. He published before his death a number of counties - Middlesex, Hertfordshire, Essex, Northampton, Cornwall, Sussex and Surrey. John Speed's map of Sussex is based upon Norden's map and was engraved by Jodocus Hondius. It occupies pages nine and ten of John Speed's Atlas entitled "The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine", is 20 1/4 inches by 15 1/4 inches in size and shows additionally an interesting plan of Chichester and a spirited representation of the Battle of Hastings.

1645[North] Sussex[North] Sussex by Jan BlaeuHyndallJan Blaeu

1695[North] Sussex[North] Sussex by Robert MordenHyndallRobert Morden
Robert Morden was a London bookseller from 1669 until his death in 1703. He specialised in the geographical field and was himself something of a cartographer and a publisher. Throughout the 17th and most of the 18th centuries, there was little distinction between the activity of book or print-selling and that of publishing: many booksellers were also printers or engravers. They undertook the sale of each others' work and often combined to meet the high cost of publishing a new map or reissue of an old atlas, even if the original plates were still available. This map was published in Brittania: a chorographical description of Great Britain and Ireland by William Camden.

c 1724Fletching and Maresfield, Sussex - c 1724Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1724 by Richard BudgenHendhall

1763A New Map of [North] SussexA New Map of [North] Sussex by Thomas KitchinHend HallThomas Kitchin
Thomas Kitchin, an engraver and publisher from c.1738 to 1776, held the appointment of Hydrographer to the King. His output was prolific. He engraved the maps of the British and French dominions in North America by John Mitchell (1755), which was used at the peace coucil at the end of the revolutionary war. In his later years he worked with his son (hence senior after his name in the c.1755 edition of the Small English Atlas). He died in 1784.

1st Sep 1787[North] Sussex[North] Sussex by John CaryHend HallJohn Cary
John Cary, apprenticed to William Palmer in 1770, went into business in 1783 as a publisher of maps, plans and road-books. He was highly successful and is referred to as the founder of the modern English School of Cartography by H.G. Fordham

c 1795Highhurst Wood, Sussex - c 1795Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1795 by William Gardner and Thomas GreamHandall Farm

c 1825Nutley, Sussex - c 1825Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1825 by Christopher and John GreenwoodHendals

c 1825Highhurst Wood, Sussex - c 1825Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1825 by Christopher and John GreenwoodHendall

6th Jun 1841CensusThomas Curd, M, Head, age 25 to 29, born Sussex; occupation: farm labourerThomas Curd, farm labourerHendall Cottage1841 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Sophia Curd, F, [Wife], age 25 to 29, born SussexSophia Curd [Reed]
Mary Curd, F, [Daughter], age 2, born SussexMary Ann Hall [Curd]

6th Jun 1841CensusWilliam Wheatley, M, Head, age 49; occupation: farmerWilliam Wheatley, farmerHendall Farm1841 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Lucy Wheatley, F, [Wife], age 40 to 44, born SussexLucy Wheatley [Knight]
William Wheatley, M, [Son], age 15 to 19, born SussexWilliam Wheatley
Mary Wheatley, F, [Daughter], age 13, born SussexMary Mitchell [Wheatley]
Samuel Wheatley, M, [Son], age 11, born SussexSamuel Wheatley
John Wheatley, M, [Son], age 9, born SussexJohn Wheatley
Joseph Wheatley, M, [Son], age 7, born SussexJoseph Wheatley, farm labourer and soldier
Elizabeth Wheatley, F, [Daughter], age 2, born SussexElizabeth Knight [Wheatley]
Ebenezer Wheatley, M, [Son], age 9 months, born SussexEbenezer Wheatley
Richard Morris, M, age 60 to 64, born Sussex; occupation: servantRichard Morris, farm labourer
George Muddle, M, age 15 to 19, born Sussex; occupation: servantGeorge Muddle
James Morris, M, age 15 to 19, born Sussex; occupation: servantJames Morris
Mary Stephenson, F, age 20 to 24, born Sussex; occupation ServantMary Stephenson
Margaret Streeter, F, age 14, born Sussex; occupation: servantMargaret Streater
Thomas Wilmshurst, M, age 35 to 39, born Sussex; occupation ServantThomas Wilmshurst

30th Mar 1851CensusHead, widowed; occupation: farm bailiffJames Dadswell, farm labourerHendal Farm1851 Census
Buxted, Sussex
DaughterSelina Anne Dadswell
Son; occupation: farm labourerAlfred James Dadswell
Lodger, occupation: shepherdEdward Baldey
Lodger, occupation: carterWilliam Blackstone

1874Directory entryWood Robert, farmer, Hendall farmHendall farmPost Office Directory

c 1875Fairwarp, Hendall, Lampool and Whitehouse, North of Maresfield - c 1875Part of the 6 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1875 by Ordnance SurveyHendall

1879RecollectionsRobert WoodHendall FarmAshdown Forest dispute

During The Ashdown Forest Dispute 1876-1882 commoners and land owners were interviewed by the solicitor William Raper. Their comments were recorded in a series of notebooks:

Wood, Robert. Tenant of Hendall Farm. This farm consists of 230 acres. I took it at Michaelmas 1872. I cut litter on the Forest of Ashdown in or about 1875. That was the only occasion because I have plenty of straw and litter on the farm and find it does [not] answer my purpose to use Forest litter. I have never turned out. I have had nothing else from the Forest except stone for the road. I paid for the digging. I succeeded to the farm after Mr. Henry Gardner who occupied it 19 years. He now lives at Church Farm, West Ferring, Sussex.

.......


3rd Apr 1881CensusWilliam Weller, M, Head, married, age 51, born Maresfield; occupation: gamekeeperWilliam Weller, gamekeeper1 Hendall Cottage1881 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Sarah Weller, F, Wife, married, age 48, born BuxtedSarah Weller [Muddle]
William Weller, M, Son, single, age 13, born Buxted; occupation: farm labourerWilliam Weller
Joseph Weller, M, Son, single, age 11, born Buxted; occupation: farm labourerJoseph Weller
Fred Weller, M, Son, single, age 10, born Buxted; occupation: scholarFrederick Weller
Sidney Weller, M, Son, single, age 6, born Buxted; occupation: scholarSydney Weller

3rd Apr 1881CensusJames Diplock, M, Head, married, age 58, born Isfield; occupation: farm labourerJames Diplock, farm labourer2 Hendall Cottage1881 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Mary A. Diplock, F, Wife, married, age 68, born MaresfieldMary A. Diplock

3rd Apr 1881CensusRobert Wood, M, Head, married, age 63, born West Grinstead, employs 8 men and 2 boys; occupation FarmerRobert WoodHendall Farm1881 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Martha Wood, F, Wife, married, age 64, born CuckfieldMartha Wood
Mary Wood, F, Daughter, single, age 30, born NewickMary Wood
Kate Wood, F, Daughter, single, age 23, born NewickKate Wood
Elizabeth A. Basset, F, Servant, single, age 16, born Rotherfield; occupation: servantElizabeth A. Basset

3rd Apr 1881CensusSolomon Avis, M, Head, married, age 40, born Maresfield; occupation: farm labourerSolomon Avis, farm labourer3 Hendall Cottage1881 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Ann Avis, F, Wife, married, age 34, born BuxtedAnn Avis [Miller]
Ann Avis, F, Daughter, single, age 13, born Buxted; occupation: scholarAnn Avis
Magaret E. Avis, F, Daughter, single, age 11, born Buxted; occupation: scholarMargaret Emily Frost [Avis]
Eliza H. Avis, F, Daughter, single, age 8, born Buxted; occupation: scholarEliza Hetty Avis
Harry T. Avis, M, Son, single, age 5, born BuxtedHarry Thomas Avis
Ernest S. Avis, M, Son, single, age 11 m, born MaresfieldErnest Solomon Avis

3rd Apr 1881CensusJohn Weeks, M, Head, married, age 60, born Wadhurst; occupation Farm labourerJohn Weeks4 Hendall Cottage1881 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Ann Weeks, F, Wife, married, age 59, born WadhurstAnn Weeks
Horace Weeks, M, Son, single, age 23, born Ticehurst; occupation Farm labourerHorace Weeks

1882Directory entryHobon William, farmer, Hendall farmHendall farmKelly's Directory

5th Apr 1891CensusWilliam Weller, M, Head, married, age 62, born Maresfield, Sussex; occupation: gamekeeperWilliam Weller, gamekeeperHendall Wood Cottages1891 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Sally Weller, F, Wife, married, age 59, born Buxted, SussexSarah Weller [Muddle]
Joseph Weller, M, Son, single, age 21, born Buxted, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerJoseph Weller
Frederick Weller, M, Son, single, age 20, born Buxted, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerFrederick Weller
Sydney Weller, M, Son, single, age 16, born Buxted, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerSydney Weller

5th Apr 1891CensusAlbert Furner, M, Head, married, age 32, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerAlbert FurnerHendall Wood Cottages1891 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Frances Furner, F, Wife, married, age 31, born Uckfield, SussexFrances Furner
Emily E Furner, F, Daughter, single, age 2, born Buxted, SussexEmily E Furner
Lucy Mary Furner, F, Daughter, single, age 6 months, born Buxted, SussexLucy Mary Furner

5th Apr 1891CensusWilliam Thomas, M, Head, married, age 36, born Hamsey, Sussex; occupation FarmerWilliam ThomasHendall Farm Cottages1891 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Frances E Thomas, F, Wife, married, age 34, born Newick, SussexFrances E Thomas
Mary A Thomas, F, Daughter, single, age 12, born Hamsey, Sussex; occupation ScholarMary A Thomas
Elizabeth F Thomas, F, Daughter, single, age 11, born Chailey, Sussex; occupation ScholarElizabeth F Thomas
William F Thomas, M, Son, single, age 7, born East Chiltington, Sussex; occupation ScholarWilliam F Thomas
Herbezt Thomas, M, Son, single, age 5, born East Chiltington, Sussex; occupation ScholarHerbezt Thomas
Henry Thomas, M, Son, single, age 3, born East Chiltington, Sussex; occupation ScholarHenry Thomas
Dorothy S Thomas, F, Son, single, age 8 months, born Buxted, SussexDorothy S Thomas
Henry S Wollard, M, Brother, single, age 23, born Hamsey, Sussex; occupation Farmer's Brother in LawHenry S Wollard
Margaret Wollard, F, Sister, single, age 21, born Hamsey, Sussex; occupation Farmer's Sister in LawMargaret Wollard

5th Apr 1891CensusJohn Leach, M, Head, married, age 46, born Bister, Oxfordshire; occupation: farm labourerJohn Leach, farm labourerHendall Farm Cottages1891 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Phoeby Leach, F, Wife, married, age 44, born Paddington, LondonPhoeby Leach
George Leach, M, Son, single, age 18, born Godstone, Surrey; occupation: farm labourerGeorge Leach
Edith Leach, F, Daughter, single, age 14, born Groombridge, Kent; occupation: scholarEdith Leach
William Leach, M, Son, single, age 12, born Buxted, Sussex; occupation: scholarWilliam Leach
Minnie Leach, F, Daughter, single, age 9, born Buxted, Sussex; occupation: scholarMinnie Leach
Henry Leach, M, Son, single, age 2, born Buxted, Sussex; occupation: scholarHenry Leach
Phoeby Leach, F, Daughter, single, age 3 months, born Buxted, SussexPhoeby Leach

5th Apr 1891CensusHorace Weeks, M, Head, married, age 31, born Ticehurst, Sussex; occupation StockmanHorace WeeksHendall Farm Cottages1891 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Lucy Weeks, F, Wife, married, age 31, born Chailey, SussexLucy Weeks
Annie Weeks, F, Daughter, single, age 3, born Buxted, SussexAnnie Weeks
Bertie Weeks, M, Son, single, age 2, born Buxted, SussexBertie Weeks

The Weald is at  Database version 13.2 which has ongoing updates to the 391,245 people; 9,000 places; 613 maps; 3,308 pictures, engravings and photographs; and 246 books loaded in the previous version

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