The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
Old Lands Hall  Duddleswell  Ashdown Forest  Maresfield  

Books and other documents
PublishedTitle, author and references
1870A Compendious History of Sussex - Volume II. by Mark Antony Lower, M.A.p. 43
1931Wealden Iron by Ernest Straker ⇒ p. 394

Historical records

c 1724Strood, Sussex - c 1724Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1724 by Richard BudgenOldland

c 1795Highhurst Wood, Sussex - c 1795Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1795 by William Gardner and Thomas GreamOldland G.

6th Jun 1841CensusThomas Isard, M, Head, age 35 to 39, born Sussex; occupation: farm labourerThomas Izzard, farm labourerOld Land1841 Census
Maresfield, Sussex
Mary Isard, F, [Wife], age 26, born SussexMary Izzard [Funnell]
James Isard, M, [Son], age 3, born SussexJames Izzard
Ellen Isard, F, [Daughter], age 2, born SussexEllen Izzard

30th Mar 1851CensusHead; occupation: farm labourerCharles TesterOld Land1851 Census
Maresfield, Sussex
WifeLucy Tester [Chatfield]
SonThomas Tester, farm labourer
SonWilliam Tester

30th Mar 1851CensusHead; occupation Farm labourerJames WestOld Land1851 Census
Maresfield, Sussex
WifeSarah West
Daughter; handicap: deaf and dumbMary Jane West
SonJames West
SonCharles West
SonAlexander West
DaughterCharlotte West

c 1875Duddleswell, North of Maresfield - c 1875Part of the 6 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1875 by Ordnance SurveyOldlands

3rd Apr 1881CensusMary Walls, F, Serv (Head), single, age 38, born Norfolk; occupation HousemaidMary WallsOld Land Hall1881 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Mary J. Warwick, F, Servant, single, age 21, born Hertfordshire; occupation HousemaidMary J. Warwick
William Chatfield, M, Servant, widowed, age 38, born Maresfield, occupation: carpenterWilliam Chatfield

3rd Apr 1881CensusEdward Luckhurst, M, Head, married, age 42, born Kent; occupation: land steward and gardenerEdward Luckhurst, land steward and gardenerOld Land Cottage1881 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Emma Luckhurst, F, Wife, married, age 44, born WiltshireEmma Luckhurst
Alice Luckhurst, F, Daughter, single, age 16, born KentAlice Luckhurst
Charles Luckhurst, M, Son, age 14, born Kent; occupation: scholarCharles Luckhurst
Walter Luckhurst, M, Son, age 12, born Kent; occupation: scholarWalter Luckhurst

3rd Apr 1881CensusSamuel H. Lewis, M, Head, married, age 38, born Dorset; occupation: coachmanSamuel H. Lewis, coachmanOld Land Stables1881 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Isabella Lewis, F, Wife, married, age 36, born EssexIsabella Lewis
Betsy L. Davy, F, Sister, married, age 29, born DorsetBetsy L. Davy
Ethel M. Davy, F, Niece, age 4, born MiddlesexEthel M. Davy
George L. Davy, M, Nephew, age 2, born MiddlesexGeorge L. Davy
Elsie L. Davy, F, Niece, age 1, born MiddlesexElsie L. Davy

1888Directory entryLevett, William, gardener, Old LandsOld LandsBrooker's Guide

1888Directory entryTidy, Henry, farmer, near Old Landsnear Old LandsBrooker's Guide

1890HistoryOld LandFirmin's Guide

A short account of the iron industry, which was pursued throughout a large portion of the county of Sussex and immediately around Crowborough, may be interesting to some readers.

Abundance of the ironstone is still to be found in this neighbourhood. The store seems inexhaustible, and should coal to any extent be discovered in Sussex or Kent, it is not improbable that furnaces for smelting the ore may again be in operation in the country around, to the destruction of its beauty and charm.

The ore is found in the beds of sandstone which form the forest ridge, the highest part of which is Crowborough. This and the Weald, of which it is the central portion, was, according to a writer of one of the archaeological papers, "in a remote period overflowed by the waters of an immense river, then submerged by the ocean, and lastly elevated by successive deposits to its existing form. It was in the first of these periods that the ferruginous matter, afterwards to become so useful to mankind, had its origin."

The geologist Dr. Mantell says: - "The strata of the Wealden were a vast delta formed by some mighty river; of its original extent our conjectures must necessarily be extremely vague. It is most probable that the Wealden is made up of the debris of rocks of various ages. The principal lines of its elevation are clearly referable to those movements which upheaved the chalk and incumbent strata."

He also says: - "It is an interesting fact that all our principal ironworks obtained their metal from the ferruginous clays and sands of the Wealden; in other words, from iron produced by animal and vegetable decomposition in the bed and delta of a mighty river."

That ironworks were in operation in Sussex at a remote period seems well established. At Old Land, in the parish of Maresfield, were discovered the remains of a Roman settlement, and amongst the extensive cinder-beds near it were found coins of the Roman Emperors Nero, Vespasian and Diocletian, as well as pieces of pottery. The first-named Emperor reigned from A.D. 54 to 68, but it is probable the works existed long before this date.


5th Apr 1891CensusArthur Fier, M, Head, married, age 32, born Welyn, Hertfordshire; occupation: gardenerArthur Fier, gardenerOld Lands (Mansion)1891 Census
Buxted, Sussex
Louisa Fier, F, Wife, married, age 30, born Rickmansworth, KentLouisa Fier
Arthur Fier, M, Son, single, age 2, born Old Lands, Buxted, SussexArthur Fier
Herbert Fier, M, Son, single, age 1, born Old Lands, Buxted, SussexHerbert Fier
William Mitchell, M, Coachmans, married, age 60, born Guildford, Surrey; occupation: coachmanWilliam Mitchell
Lois Mitchell, F, Coachman's Wife, married, age 61, born Cranleigh, SurreyLois Mitchell
Thomas Pogue, M, Servant, single, age 40, born Cavan, Ireland; occupation ButlerThomas Pogue
Mary Watts, F, Servant, single, age 45, born Aylsham, Norfolk; occupation HousemaidMary Watts
Eliza Sawyers, F, Servant, single, age 22, born Uckfield, Sussex; occupation: kitchenmaidEliza Sawyers
John Dayles, M, Servant, single, age 21, born Hexham, Northumberland; occupation: footmanJohn Dayles
Eliza Cracknell, F, Servant, single, age 21, born Battersea, London; occupation: housemaidEliza Cracknell
Frank Humber, M, Servant, single, age 21, born Bath, Somerset; occupation: footmanFrank Humber
George Wynn, M, Servant, single, age 22, born Maresfield, Sussex; occupation GroomGeorge Wynn

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