The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
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4th May 1671WillThe Will of John WoodhamsJohn WoodhamStone CrossBrian Bradley's records
The Will of John Woodhams, Yeoman of Penshurst.
In the name of God Amen.
The first day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand six hundred sixty and nine, I, John Woodhams of Penshurst in the County of Kent the elder, being of sound and perfect memory do make, ordain and declare this my last will and testament in manner and form following.
Imprimis, I give and bequeath my soul to God my creator through the mercies of Jesus Christ my Saviour, my body to be buried in the earth at the discretion of my executors.
Item, I give and bequeath to the poor people of Penshurst aforesaid twenty shillings to be distributed amongst them by the discretion of my executors within three months next after my decease.
Item, I give and bequeath to the poor people of Ashurst the sum of ten shillings to be likewise distributed amongst them within three months next after my decease.
Item, I give and bequeath unto the poor people of Speldhurst the sum of ten shillings to be likewise distributed amongst them within three months next after my decease.
Item I give and bequeath unto my daughter Susan now the wife of David Hammond the sum of forty shillings to be paid to her within one year next after my decease.
Item, I give and bequeath to John Hammond my grandchild, son of the said David Hammond the sum of twenty pounds to be paid to my overseers of this my will hereafter named within one year next after my decease, and to my grandchild Anne Hammond the sum of ten pounds to be paid within one year and a half next after my decease for the use of my said grand-children. And I desire my said overseers to make the best use of it they can. And then to put the same upon good security for my said grandchild's use and benefit until my said grandchild John Hammond shall accomplish his full age of one and twenty years, And then to pay the said sum of twenty pounds and all the interest thereof to my said grandson John Hammond.
Item, I give and bequeath unto my god-daughter Jane Mates the sum of twenty shillings to be paid to her within one year next after my decease, And my will and meaning is, and I do will, devise and appoint that one iron slat, one joined bedstead, one settle and one table with the frame and trestles shall forever remain and be in my now dwelling house where the now are and be appurtenances and standard to and in that same messuage, And I do will and appoint that my executors shall permit and suffer Jane my loving wife to have, hold, possess and enjoy all other my household stuff and utensils of household which at the time of my decease shall remain or be in and about my now dwelling house, with the appurtenances for and during the term of her natural life … And after the decease of my said wife, I give all the said household stuff and utensils of household unto my son Thomas Woodhams forever, And I give and bequeath unto Mary Ashern … my kinswomen the sum of ten shillings to be paid within one year next after my decease. All the residue of any goods and chattels and personal estate, my debts, legacies and funeral charges being paid, I give and bequeath unto my sons John Woodhams and Thomas Woodhams. And I do constitute, ordain and make them, my said sons John Woodhams and Thomas Woodhams executors of this my last will and testament. And I do devise, constitute and appoint my loving friends Robert Turner of Withyham and Richard Constable of Groombridge to be overseers of this my last will and testament.
This is the last will and testament of me the said John Woodhams, made, declared and ordained the day and year above written of, for, touching and concerning my messuages, lands and tenements.
Imprimis. I give, will and devise unto John Woodhams, my grandchild one annuity or yearly rent of five pounds of lawful money of England for and during the term of the natural life of my said grandchild John Woodhams. To be issuing and be going and to be had and received and taken out of and in all, every or any of my messuage or tenement called Stone Cross in Penshurst aforesaid. And all the land within or by this will and testament I do, or shall, give, will, devise or appoint to my said son John for and during the term of the natural life of my said son John Woodhams. And to be paid at or upon the feast days of the assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Michael the chief angel by even and equal portions. The first payment thereof to be paid at upon both feast days of the feasts aforesaid as shall next happen to be on time after the examination and end of one full year next ensuing after the decease of the one said John Woodhams and if and as often it shall happen in the said annuity or yearly rent of five pounds or any part or parcel thereof to be behind or unpaid on or any or either of the said feast days or days of payment by the start of one and twenty days it shall be lawful to send for the said John Woodhams my grand child unto the said messuage, lands and tenements to enter and distrain and … And … there found is made to take and …? away, impound …? And keep until the said annuity or yearly rent of five pounds and every part and parcel thereof then behind to my shall to him my said grand child fully and satisfied and paid. I give and devise to Thomas Woodhams my son and his heirs and assignees forever all my messuage and tenement wherein I now dwell in Penshurst aforesaid. And all the gardens, orchard, close, buildings and land with the appurtenances to the said messuage or tenement taken, reputed or seemed to belong or appertaining or there withal used, held, purchased or enjoyed. And also one other piece or parcel of land with the appurtenances called or known by the name of Cowfield in Penshurst aforesaid late the land of John Hart deceased. And my will and meaning is I do will, give and devise to my said son Thomas Woodhams and his assigns, full power authority, leave and liberty at all, any and every seasonable and fitting time and times in the year, forever, to have, dig take and carry away all and as much marl as my said son Thomas his heirs and assigns, shall please or think fit in and out of and from one parcel of land called the Marl Pit Field being parcel of the land which in or by this will I do or shall devise or give to my son John Woodhams in Penshurst aforesaid. To be employed and bestowed in or upon some part or parcel of the lands in or by this will given or devised to him my son Thomas as aforesaid. And I also to and for my son Thomas his heirs and assigns, forever to have, take and carry away any water in, and out of and from the close and bankside at or of Stone Cross House in Penshurst aforesaid, to be spent, used and employed for necessary uses in or at the said dwelling house of me in Penshurst aforesaid.
Item. I give and devise to my son John Woodhams, for and during the term of his natural life, one messuage or tenement called or known by the name of Stone Cross House in Penshurst aforesaid, by me purchased of John Hart deceased. And all the building, barns, gardens, orchards, closes and land with the appurtenances to the said messuage or tenement taken, reputed or esteemed to belong or appertain or thereof used, held, purchased or enjoyed, except for the parcel of land called Soonefield charged and chargeable as in and by this my will is …? And after the decease of the said John Woodhams my son, I will, give and devise all the said messuage or tenement called Stone Cross House, and all the said barns, buildings, lands and tenements and premises therewith held, purchased or enjoyed except the parcel of land called Soonefield, unto my said grand child John Woodhams and to the heirs and assigns of my said John Woodhams forever.
In witness whereof I, the said John Woodhams , to this my last will and testament have put my hand and seal the day and year first above written.
John Woodhams Senior    his mark
Acknowledged, published and declared by the above named John Woodhams, the testator to be his last will and testament. And by him sealed and delivered in the presence of us.
Thomas Weller
Robert Turner
Richard Constable
Will proved May 4th 1671 in the Court of Canterbury

3rd Apr 1881CensusEdward Cosham, M, Head, married, age 33, born Laughton, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerEdward Cosham, farm labourerStone Cross1881 Census
Penshurst, Kent
Sarah Cosham, F, Wife, married, age 33, born Maryfield, SussexSarah Cosham
Robert S. Cosham, M, Son, age 11, born Netherfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarRobert S. Cosham
Edward Cosham, M, Son, age 9, born Mountfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarEdward Cosham
William Cosham, M, Son, age 5, born Mountfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarWilliam Cosham

3rd Apr 1881CensusRichard Adams, M, Head, married, age 48, born Penshurst, Kent; occupation: carterRichard Adams, carterStone Cross1881 Census
Penshurst, Kent
Esther Adams, F, Wife, married, age 40, born Penshurst, KentEsther Adams [Cooper]
Amelia Adams, F, Daughter, single, age 18, born Speldhurst, Kent; occupation: factory handAmelia Adams
Thomas J. Adams, M, Son, age 14, born Speldhurst, Kent; occupation: farm labourerThomas John Adams
Charles H. Adams, M, Son, age 13, born Leigh, Kent; occupation: carterCharles Henry Adams
Ernest W. Adams, M, Son, age 7, born Penshurst, Kent; occupation: scholarErnest William Adams

3rd Apr 1881CensusJames Rogers, M, Head, married, age 43, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerJames Rodgers, farm labourerStone Cross1881 Census
Penshurst, Kent
Ann Rogers, F, Wife, married, age 43, born Lingfield, SurreyAnn Rogers
James Rogers, M, Son, single, age 19, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: gardenerJames Rogers
Frederick Rogers, M, Son, age 12, born Ashurst, Kent; occupation: scholarFrederick Rogers
Clara Rogers, F, Daughter, age 4, born Penshurst, KentClara Rogers
Walter Rogers, M, Son, age 2, born Penshurst, KentWalter Rogers

3rd Apr 1881CensusAnn T. Manners, F, Head, single, age 50, born Birmingham, Warwick; occupation: laundressAnn T. Manners, laundressStone Cross1881 Census
Penshurst, Kent
Charlotte F. Manners, F, Sister, single, age 47, born Birmingham, Warwick; occupation: charwomanCharlotte F. Manners
Algernon M. Chichester, M, Boarder, age 8, born England; occupation: scholarAlgernon M. Chichester
Annie Childs, F, Servant, single, age 18, born Chiddingstone; occupation: domestic servantAnnie Childs

3rd Apr 1881CensusWilliam Farley, M, Head, married, age 51, born Ticehurst, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerWilliam Farley, farm labourerStone Cross1881 Census
Penshurst, Kent
Eliza Farley, F, Wife, married, age 48, born Buxted, SussexEliza Farley
Margaret A. Horsecroft, F, Daughter, single, age 22, born Maresfield, SussexMargaret A. Horsecroft
Olive T. Horsecroft, F, Daughter, single, age 19, born Maresfield, SussexOlive T. Horsecroft
Albert S. Horsecroft, M, Son, age 15, born Maresfield, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerAlbert S. Horsecroft
Soin Horsecroft, M, Son, age 11, born Maresfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarSoin Horsecroft
William H. Horsecroft, M, Son, age 8, born Maresfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarWilliam H. Horsecroft
Alfred Kennard, M, Boarder, single, age 19, born Maresfield, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerAlfred Kennard

3rd Apr 1881CensusHenry Dadswell, M, Head, married, age 41, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerHenry Dadswell, farm labourerStone Cross1881 Census
Penshurst, Kent
Elizabeth Dadswell, F, Wife, married, age 38, born Withyham, SussexElizabeth Dadswell [Groombridge]
Henry Dadswell, M, Son, age 13, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerHenry Dadswell
Mary Dadswell, F, Daughter, age 11, born E Grinstead, Sussex; occupation: scholarMary Dadswell
Annie Dadswell, F, Daughter, age 7, born Illinois, United States; occupation: scholarAnnie Dadswell
Fred Dadswell, M, Son, age 5, born Illinois, United States; occupation: scholarFred Dadswell
Thomas Dadswell, M, Son, age 2, born Penshurst, KentThomas Dadswell
William Dadswell, M, Son, age 1, born Penshurst, KentWilliam Dadswell

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