The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
The Vineyard  Vineyard Lane  High Street  Ticehurst  
Historical records

1793 to 2000HistoryThe Vineyard

Ticehurst House and the Newingtons are synonymous with care for the insane since 1793 until the present day

The Newingtons are a long established Ticehurst family stretching back to Adam de Newington in the fifteenth century. Samuel Newington (1739 - 1811) was an apothecary and surgeon who, on January 26th 1793, in the Morning Chronicle under the heading "Insanity" advertised that he "having for thirty years past had patients under his care afflicted with this melancholy disorder, most of whom have been sent home to their friends in a sound state of mind, begs leave to inform the public that he has fitted up and neatly furnished a large and commodious house in Ticehurst for the reception of Patients of the above unfortunate description". The house, variously known as Ticehurst House or The Establishment, had been erected in the grounds of his home The Vineyard.

Samuel and his wife Martha had fifteen children and at his death in 1811, his two sons Charles (1780 - 1852) and Jesse (1779 -1819) succeeded to its management and with the death of Jesse in 1819, Charles became the asylum's proprietor and chief surgeon. By 1827 there were 30 male patients, 20 female patients, 19 female attendants and 17 male attendants. Charles Newington is credited with establishing the Asylum as one of the best of such establishments in England which he did over the subsequent decades until his death in 1852.

In 1812 Charles had married Elizabeth Hayes and their first two sons - Charles Edward Hayes Newington (1813 - 1863) and Samuel Newington (1814 - 1882) - continued the work of ministering to the insane. Their sons - Dr. Alexander Samuel Lysaght Newington (1846 - 1914) and Dr. Herbert Francis Hayes Newington (1847 - 1917), in turn, became the medical superintendants of Ticehurst House. In 1918 the Asylum was registered as "The Doctors Newington" a private unlimited company managed by four trusts representing various branches of the family until 1967 when it was re-incorporated as "Ticehurst House Private Clinic Ltd." and in 1974 it became part of Nestor Nursing Homes Ltd. Today it is part of the Priory Group and is known as "The Priory Ticehurst House".

6th Jun 1841CensusMary Newington, F, Head, age 75 to 79, born Sussex; occupation: independentMary NewingtonVineyard Mansion1841 Census
Ticehurst, Sussex
Frances Newington, F, [Sister], age 73, born Sussex; occupation: independentFrances Newington
Elizabeth Newington, F, [Sister], age 71, born Sussex; occupation: independentElizabeth Newington
Sarah Newington, F, [Sister], age 50 to 54, born Sussex; occupation: independentSarah Newington
Elizabeth Newington, F, [Relation], age 30 to 34, born Sussex; occupation: independentElizabeth Newington
Sophie Broadley, M, age 72, born Sussex, occupation: independentSophie Broadley [Newington]
Emma Sands, F, age 30 to 34, born Sussex; occupation: servantEmma Sands
Charlotte Edwards, F, age 20 to 24, born Sussex; occupation: servantCharlotte Edwards
Thomas Carrick, M, age 14, born Sussex; occupation: servantThomas Carrick

30th Mar 1851CensusMary Newington, F, Head, single, age 87, born Ticehurst, Sussex; occupation: private income from dividendsMary NewingtonVineyard1851 Census
Ticehurst, Sussex
Elizabeth Newington, F, Sister, single, age 82, born Ticehurst, Sussex; occupation: private income from dividendsElizabeth Newington
Sarah Newington, F, Sister, single, age 66, born Ticehurst, Sussex; occupation: private income from dividendsSarah Newington
Eleanor Kirk Patrick, F, Visitor, widowed, age 69, born Middlesex; occupation: Private income from dividendsEleanor Kirk Patrick
Sarah Boorman, F, Servant, single, age 21, born Cranbrook, Kent, occupation: domestic servantSarah Boorman
Mary Ann Powell, F, Servant, married, age 27, born Ticehurst, Sussex; occupation: Domestic servantMary Ann Powell
Mary Pankhurst, F, Servant, single, age 25, born Hawkhurst, Kent; occupation: Domestic servantMary Pankhurst
Charity Clark, F, Servant, single, age 22, born Wadhurst, Sussex, occupation: domestic servantCharity Clark
Henry Campany, M, Servant, single, age 15, born Hawkhurst, Kent; occupation: domestic servantHenry Campany

3rd Apr 1881CensusWilliam Salcombe, M, Head, married, age 60, born Elmore, Gloucester; occupation: gardener headWilliam Salcombe, gardener headVinyard Cottage1881 Census
Ticehurst, Sussex
Fanny Salcombe, F, Wife, married, age 48, born All Saints, HerefordFanny Salcombe
Fredrick W. Salcombe, M, Grandson, age 11, born Westham, Norfolk; occupation: scholarFredrick W. Salcombe

5th Apr 1891CensusWilliam Salcombe, M, Head, married, age 70, born Ellmore, Gloucestershire; occupation: head gardenerWilliam Salcombe, head gardenerVineyard Cottage1891 Census
Ticehurst, Sussex
Fanny Salcombe, F, Wife, married, age 58, born All Saints, HerefordshireFanny Salcombe

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